Shuvo Noboborsho or Bangla Noboborsho (পহেলা বৈশাখ) is an antiquated convention of this nation. Through the celebrations of Shuvo
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Shuvo Noboborsho Spirits
Pahela Baishakh is maybe the sole celebration that comes in each Bengali’s being with a call to interface the past with the present and welcome the New Year with blissful rhythms of revival, lively hues and new expectation. The revered Bengali soul of festivity and skip is recharged again to hail the Bangla New Year 1424.
Today is Shuvo Noboborsho and individuals regardless of religion and race are fine to go to praise the nation’s biggest mainstream celebration.
Each Baishakh, the major month of the Bangla calendar, individuals wish to shake off the earlier year’s misery and plan to introduce the New Year with restored force. Baishakh carries with it an entirely different whirlwind of merriments and festivities.
Bengali New Year 2019 and 2020 Date
The Bengali New Year event is known as “Shuvo Noboborsho” or Pohela Boishakh which means the main month of the Bengali calendar. It is the major day of the Bengali New Year and as a rule, falls in mid-April. It is an occasion loaded up with revival, resurrection
|2018||14 Apr.||Sat||Bengali New Year 2018|
|2019||14 Apr.||Sun||Bengali New Year 2019|
|2020||14 Apr.||Tue||Bengali New Year 2020|
Celebration of Shuvo Noboborsho: Bengali New Year Celebration
Naba Barsha celebrations are marked with joy, enthusiasm and hope. Songs, dance, games besides reciting of poems are organized in various parts of the West Bengal to mark the occasion. Enthusiastic people of Bengal also celebrate the eve of Shuvo Noboborsho as Chaitra-Sankranti and bid farewell to the past year.
Early in the morning of Nobo Borsho, Bengalis take out processions known as Prabhat Pheries. To participate in Prabhat Pheris ladies clad themselves in traditional Bengali sari (white sari with red border) and flowers in hair while men wear dhoti kurta. The day is spent in feasting and participating in cultural activities. People also visit friends and dear ones to wish each other “Shubho Nabo Barsho!!”
Dhaka inhabitants begin ahead of schedule at dawn with open festivals of Poila Baisakh at the Ramna Maidan. Most Kolkatans want to celebrate it with music and dance. Kolkata’s film town, Tollygunge, celebrate the New Year with the favorable mahurat elements of Bengali motion pictures, a customary piece of Poila Baisakh at Tollywood, Bengal’s focal point of filmmaking. The city has a few uncommon projects on the event, with outstanding groups pulled in to Nandan, the Calcutta Town Hall, New Market, and the Maidan.
Baishakh is celebrated with a distinction in the hilly area of Chittagong; however the subject of a crisp start is proportional in each edge of Bangladesh. Here in the tranquil green slopes, “Boisabi” – as it is known – is essentially not quite the same as Chhayanaut’s Borshoboron and Charukola’s (Dhaka University Arts Faculty) Mangal Shobhajatra, a one of a kind celebratory parade of hailing the Bangla New Year. The Mongol Shobhajatra was as of late proclaimed as an Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity by Intergovernmental Committee of UNESCO.
In the Chittagong Hill Tracts (CHT), the social concurrence and concordance in decent variety is one of a kind amid Boisabi. Three prevalent indigenous networks – Chakma, Marma and Tripura – commend the New Year in various ways and with various festivals. The expression “Boisabi” starts from Tripura’s celebration “Boisuk”, the Marma’s “Sangrain” and the Chakma’s “Biju”. Boisabi highlights noble religious-social ceremonies: social occasions, youngsters’ sketch competition, traditional games like bolikhela (wrestling) and dazzling parades. Individuals everything being equal, attired in conventional indigenous dresses, dive into festivities adding diverse shades to the event.
The Chakmas’ Celebration of Bangla New Year
The Chakmas set off the three-day Biju Utsab with “Phool Biju”, where young ladies drift blooms in water bodies on the penultimate morning of the active year, looking for perfect endowments. On the most recent day of the year, called “Mul Biju,” they set up a huge scope of rarities and offer these to the residents. Their blended vegetable curry called “Pachan”, and customary
The Marmas’ C
elebration of Bangla New Year
The Marmas praise the Sangrain celebration, respecting the New Year. In the keep running up to the festivals, they clean and furnish their homes, get ready traditional nourishment and participate in ceremonies. Their greatest occasion is
The Marmas render Sangrain tunes while advancing calmly to the foreordained spot for Punyosnan (heavenly shower). Everybody in the parade sings Marma melodies as one.
The Marmas in Bandarban area draw out a brilliant parade from
The Marmas living in Rangamati additionally mastermind one such celebration at Kaptai Lake in the region. The agreeable Marmas even welcome outsiders with planes of water.
The Rakhaines’ Celebration of Bangla New Year
The Rakhaines commend their customary water celebration at Harbang-Burmese Government Primary School premises of Chokoria, Cox’s Bazar. In contrast to the Marmas, the Rakhaines live on the plain terrains of Cox’s Bazar. To best know the way of life,
All the Rakhaines, particularly young men and young ladies, assemble at the venue to celebrate the water celebration. They sing, influence and move to their conventional melodies while sprinkling and showering water on everybody. Neighborhood artistes perform music while the cheerful group inundates for entertainment only and joy.
Like the Marmas, the Rakhaines expect to wash away the transgressions and frailty of the past and look for the favors of Lord Buddha for an invigorating begin to the New Year. The water celebration is the greatest and most energizing portion of the two networks’ Sangrain. It is a chance to make companions with outsiders. Everybody is resolved to begin over again.
Aside from the festivals by Chakmas and Marmas, different indigenous gatherings in the CHT including Tripura, Tangchangya, Bom, Mro, Khumi, Khiyang and Chak celebrate the celebration in their conventional way.
Bengali New Year Celebration in West Bengal
Naba Barsha or Pohela Boishakh is celebrated as Mesha Sankranti in West Bengal. Pohela Boishakh is the primary day of the Bengali Calendar. Henceforth Pohela Boishakh is otherwise called Bengali New Year. Bengali New Year is praised in West Bengal and among Bengali people group in Assam and Tripura.
In Assam, Pohela Boishakh is celebrated as Bihu and furthermore known as Assamese New Year.
Ruler Shoshangko of ancient Bengal is credited with beginning the Bengali period. The beginning stage of the Bengali period is assessed to be in 594 in the Gregorian calendar. Thus Bengali year is 594 not exactly the Gregorian diary in the event that it is before Pohela Boishakh or 593 less on the off chance that it is after Pohela Boishakh.
The Origin of Bengali Calendar
- The Bengali calendar is a solar-sidereal calendar in which the years are known as Bônggabdo. It is based on the calculation of the solar calendar mentioned in Surya Siddhanta.
- As per the available historical evidence, the Bengali calendar is said to have begun on April 14, 593 of the proleptic Gregorian calendar. The ancient Bengali calendar is believed to have been introduced by King Shoshangko.
- The calendar was later
revisedduring the time of the third Mughal Emperor Akbar to match with the harvest season. This was done to facilitate the administration with tax collection.
- During his time his councilor, Fatehullah Shirazi, combined the lunar Hijri and the solar Hindu calendars for better administration.
- All the months have 31 or 32 days. The twelve months of the calendar are divided into six seasons namely
- ishsho (summer)
- Bôrsha (rain)
- Shôrot (early autumn)
- Hemonto (late autumn)
- Šit (winter) and Bôshonto (spring)
The names of the months in Bengali calendar were derived from stars or nakshatras mentioned in Hindu astrology:
- Baishakh from Bishakha
- Jiashthya from Jaishtha
- Ashara from Shar
- Sraban from Srabani
- Bhadra from Bhadrapada
- Ashwin from Aswaini
- Kartik from Kritika
- Agrahayon from Agraihon
- Poush from Poushya
- Magh from Magha
- Falgun from Falguni
- Chaitra from Chitra
- Boishakh is the first month of the calendar and the Bengali New Year is observed on the first day of the month and so, it is also known as ‘Pohela Boishakh’.
- Bengalis also call their New Year, ‘noboborsho’, where ‘nobo’ means new and ‘borsho’ stands for year.
Revision in Bengali C
- The Bengali calendar was revised by the Bangla Academy of Bangladesh, headed by Muhammad Shahidullah, on February 17, 1966 to match with the Gregorian calendar. According to the revision the following recommendations were made for its modernization:
- It is decided that the first five months of the calendar will have 31 days each
- The remaining months from Ashshin to Choitro will be of 30 days
- The leap year of the Gregorian calendar is adjusted by adding a day to the month of Falgun.
- This calendar was officially adopted by Bangladesh in 1987. According to the revised form the Bengali New Year is now always observed on 14th April in Bangladesh.
- The revised calendar however isn’t followed in West Bengal where the old Bengali lunar-solar calendar is still in use and as a result, the New Year day may be observed on different dates in West Bengal and Bangladesh.
Bengali New Year Calendar
|Monday||Apr 14||2014||Bengali New Year||Public Holiday|
|Tuesday||Apr 14||2015||Bengali New Year||Public Holiday|
|Thursday||Apr 14||2016||Bengali New Year||Public Holiday|
|Friday||Apr 14||2017||Bengali New Year||Public Holiday|
|Saturday||Apr 14||2018||Bengali New Year||Public Holiday|
|Sunday||Apr 14||2019||Bengali New Year||Public Holiday|
|Tuesday||Apr 14||2020||Bengali New Year||Public Holiday|
The latest Bengali calendar is presented by Amir Fatehullah Shirazi. That time it came to be known as Fôsholi Shôn or collect schedule since it coordinated with the reap period of the district. In it, he held the names of the accompanying Hindu months:
In 2019, the date of Naba Barsha or Poila Baisakh is April 14. The New Year has famously alluded as Naba
The Source of Bengali Calendar
The Bengali calendar is fitting to the Indian sun oriented calendar, in view of the Surya Siddhanta. The primary day of the Bengali year, Pohela
In the Chittagong Hill Tracts of Bangladesh, Boisuk of Tripuri,
The Bengali New Year starts at dawn, and the day is manifested with various social activities, beautiful rallies and countryside fairs. Individuals well-groomed up in fabulous _usually red and white _ conventional ensembles and ladies decorate their hair with crisp blooms.
Truly, the day has been seen over the subcontinent as the day for another opening. In Bengal landowners used to convey desserts among their tenants, and representatives settled debts and began another ‘halkhata’ (record), bolting the old. Merchants used to offer desserts to their clients to recharge their business association with them. There were fairs and celebrations everywhere.
The improvement of the Bengali timetable is commonly credited to Shoshangko, the ruler of Gour or Gauda, as the beginning date of the Bengali Era (AD 593/594) falls decisively inside his rule.
Mughal Emperor Akbar launched a restructured timetable with aiming to ease the tax collection in Bengal. The Mughals used to gather taxes following the Islamic calendar and Akbar requested an improvement of the calendar frameworks, on the grounds that the lunar Islamic date-book did not harmonize with the harvests and the farmers confronted extreme challenges in settling regulatory obligations out of season.
A few sources credit the plan to Akbar’s finance minister Todar Mal. As needs be, Amir Fatehullah Shirazi, the royal astronomer, devised a fresh calendar dependent on the lunar Hijri and sunlight based Indian calendar. The subsequent calendar was presented following the collecting season, when farmers would be in a generally stable monetary position.
The meticulous feature of the amended Bengali year was that, instead of being a sun based or lunar based calendar, it depended on an association of the sun powered and lunar year. This was basically an incredible improvement, as the sun based and lunar years were figured on differing frameworks. Essentially, this new timetable was named as ‘Fosholi Shon’ (collect calender), and later ‘Bonggabdo’ or ‘Bangla Shon’.
The Bengali Year was force on March 10/11, 1584, however was dated from November 5,1556 or Hijri 963 _ the day Akbar assumed the throne of the Mughal Empire. Amid Mughal rule, the Bangla Shon was executed all through the domain. Aside from Bengal and parts of eastern South Asia, be that as it may, the calendar was renounced with the termination of Mughal rule.
The Bengali calendar encompasses 12 months and six seasons. Two months are matched together for each season.
The length of a year is considered 365 days, as in the Gregorian calendar. However, the genuine time taken by the earth in its transformation around the sun is 365 days and around six hours. To make up this disparity, the Gregorian calendar includes an additional day, to make a leap year, to the long stretch of February each fourth year. To make the Bengali schedule progressively exact, the accompanying suggestions of the Bangla Academy are pursued:
• The initial five months, from Boishakh to Bhadro, will comprise of 31 days each.
• The left seven months, from Ashwin to Chaitra, will comprise of 30 days each.
• In each leap year of the Gregorian schedule, an extra day will be included the period of Falgun (which is 14 days after February 29).
The use and popularity of the Bengali calendar proceeds mostly because of its adjustment to mirror the remarkable occasional examples of eastern South Asia. The district has an atmosphere that is best isolated into six seasons, including the rainstorm and the dry seasons, notwithstanding spring, summer, harvest time and winter. In ordinary use, the Bengali timetable has been generally supplanted with the Gregorian calendar, in spite of the fact that it is as yet fundamental for checking occasions explicit to Bengali culture, similar to Durga Puja, and for denoting the six periods of the year
Conclusion: Shuvo Noboborsho to All
Baishakh or Shuvo Noboborsho brings new optimism, new possibilities
Don’t forget to share the spirit and enthusiasm of Bengali New Year. Greet your Bengali and non-Bengali friends “Shubho Naba Barsho!” (Happy New Year!) on Poila Boishakh, mid-April every year.