Alhamdulillah, we’re so fortunate and blessed to have another Eid to celebrate. Allah (SWT) lets us observe the most sacred and consecrated month of Ramadan, the month which is wrapped up with a day known as Eid-ul-Fitr. It is the most joyous day for Muslims. The morning of the day is twinkled with the happy faces of Muslims around the globe.
Performing Eid-ul-Fitr prayer with friends and relatives at the prayer ground is the extraordinary event of the day. The salah is taken place in the morning. The structure of performing Eid-ul-Fitr is a little bit different than that of others. Let’s see how to perform Eid-ul-Fitr Salah and how it is different.
How to Perform Eid-ul-Fitr Salah
Eid-ul-Fitr is a two-rakat salah. The core rituals of the salah have no difference. The only addition of this salah is “six takweer” in the salah. It is the obligatory part of Eid-ul-Fitr prayer. Three takweer in each rakat will be performed additionally. The rest of the rituals will remain as usual. Let’s learn How to perform Eid-ul-Fitr Salah step by step.
Step 1: Niyat or intention is the first thing to start salah. Specifically, make intention before starting the prayer.
The First Raka
Step 2: After making Niyat or intention, the second thing is Takweer-e-Tahreema or the first takweer. After the Imam says “Allahu Akbar” lift your hands and follow Imam. This is the first Takweer of the prayer.
Step 3: after the first takweer, there will be 3 Takbirs before the Imam starts reciting Surah Fatiha and the following another surah afterward. These three takweers are essential for the Eid prayer. After these three takweers, Imam will start Surah Fatiha and another one following the Surah Fatiha. By then, you should put your hands on your chest, with your right hand on the left.
Step 4: Listen to the recitation of the Holy Quran and follow Imam for the next action until the following Raáka starts. Imam will lead to Ruku once the recitation is completed.
Step 5: Follow Imam and perform Ruku and Sujood with Imam. Thus, the first Raáka will be completed.
The Second Raka
Step 6: The second Raáka will start as it is (like the other prayer starts). Imam will start the Raáka with Sura Fatiha, and later, he will add another surah.
Step 7: Imam will raise hands to perform additional three Takweer before going into Ruku (the bowing position). Fake Imam and perform the additional three Takweers with him.
Step 8: Then Imam will sit for Tahahhud (Jalsah) and others dua. Performing all, Imam will conclude the prayer with Salam. You should follow as the follower in the prayer.
Additional Six Takweer in Eid-ul-Fitr Prayer
Generally, there is no difference in Eid prayer and others except six additional takweers in the prayer. The prayer starts by (as other prayer stars) with the specific Niyat (intention) for Eid prayer. The sole difference with the other prayers is the additional six takweers sharing two raka of the prayer.
There will be three takweers in each Raáka. The first three takweers will be after the Takweer-e-Tahreema, and the last three takweers will be played after reciting the Sura Fatiha and the following one – just before heading to Ruku. Remember, performing these six Takweers in Eid prayer is wajib and intentional violation would break salah.
Sunnah Qirat for Eid-ul-Fitr Prayer
You can recite any two Sura from the Quran or a few verses to perform Eid-ul-Fitr Salah. However, our Prophet (PBUH) preferred some sura to recite in the prayer. Our Prophet (PBUH) recites Sura Qaaf (50) in the first Raákat and Sura Qamar (54) in the second. Sometimes, He (PBUH) recites Surat ul-A`laa (87) in the first, and Soorat ul-Ghaasheeyah (88) in the second Raákat.
Sunnah Qirat in Eid-ul-Fitr Prayer
- Sura Qaaf in the first Raáka and Sura Qamar in the first Raáka, or
- Surat ul-A`laa in the first Raáka and Soorat ul-Ghaasheeyah in the first Raáka
The Khutbah of Eid-ul-Fitr
The Eid prayer is wrapped up with a short Khutbah (discourse), which is loaded with Takweer and several supplications for the wellbeing of Muslims and the total humankind. Do listen to the lecture attentively and ask all the goodness to Allah later in Dua.
Listening to Khutbah (speech) is sunnah. There is no Aazan (call to prayer) or Iqamah for the Eid khutbah. The khutbah is devided into two section like the khutbah delibered in the Jumáa prayer. Listening attentively without making sound and moving is
Sunnah Acts of Eid-ul-Fitr
Eid day is the special day to everyone. Our Prophet used to observe the day with the fresh vibe. He used to do the following deeds in the day of Eid. These deeds are sunnah.
- To get up early in the morning.
- Take a shower.
- Clean the teeth using miswaq.
- Put on the best cloth he had.
- Use aroma.
- Have some sweet like dates before he leaves for prayer ground.
- Go to the prayer-ground area early. (The Prophet used to offer Eid supplication in a focal area as opposed to offering it in a mosque of a region with no authentic reason).
- The Prophet used to go to the Eid Prayer area by one course and will return through another course.
- He used to go for Eid prayer-ground by walking.
- He recites Takweer during the way to Eid prayer ground. Here is the Arabic text: الله أكبر .. الله أكبر .. لا إله إلا الله ، الله أكبر .. الله أكبر .. ولله الحمد (Translation: Allah is the best, He is the best. There is no god with the exception of Allah. He is the best. All gestures of recognition and thanks are for Him)
- The Prophet used to pay Sadqa e Fitr (zakatul fitr) before the Eid day.
FAQ about Eid-ul-Fitr Prayer
1. Is performing Eid prayer Fard?
No, performing Eid prayer is wajeb. Some Islamic scholars also opined as Fard. The Prophet (PBUH) performed it with much passion and asked his followers to do so.
2. Is congregation compulsory for Eid-ul-Fitr?
Yes, congregation is mendatory for Eidul Fitr prayer, not only for Eid-ul-Fitr, but also for Eidul Adha too. But the number of partcipants in the congregation is not specific. Any number of participants can arrange congregation be it small number or large.
3. Is there any Salah before performing Eid prayer?
There is no Sunnah or Nafl salah prior to Eid prayer or after it. In case of performing the salah at mosque instead of open ground, one must perform two rakaat Nafl before sitting down.
4. Is paying Sadqah before Eid salah compulsory?
Our Prophet (PBUH) used to pay Sadqah prior to the Eid day. It’s not mendatory to pay before Eid. However, paying after eid does not serve the true purpose of sadqah properly. Sadqah is paid to the poor before Eid so that they can enjoy Eid purchasing the necessary commodities.
5. What is the Eid Supplication?
Our Prophet (PBUH) used to pray for everyone he met on the day. He recites the following Dua:
تَقَبَّلَ اللهُ مِنَّا وَمِنكُم
Translation: “May Allah accept from you and us.”
That’s all about how to perform Eid-ul-Fitr salah. Now you know how to perform Eid-ul-Fitr prayer properly.
Remember, the way of performing Eid-ul-Adha is identical. However, if you have confusion about Eid-ul-Adha prayer and like to learn in-depth, you can learn from here.
Farrukh Seer says
Assalaam o Alaikum,
As the congregation for prayers has been banned due to COVID, can we perform Salat ul Fitr at home with one imam and one or two Muqtadies.
ProBangladeshi Staff says
No, you can not perform Eid prayers alone or just with 2/3 participants because the congregation is important for Eid prayers. But if you can gather your neighbors (to make it larger) and fulfill all other important things, you can arrange the prayer in an open space (e.g. rooftop or front yard).
mohammed rafiq says
In case if I am alone, can I perform EID ULFitr Prayer?
ProBangladeshi Staff says
No, you can not perform Eid prayers alone because the congregation is important for Eid prayers.